Kasper,M., Karsten,U., Stosiek,P., and, Moll,R.
Distribution of intermediate-filament proteins in the human enamel organ: unusually complex pattern of coexpression of cytokeratin polypeptides and vimentin.
Differentiation 40(3):207-214 (1989).
We applied immunohistochemical techniques and gel electrophoresis to examine the distribution of intermediate filaments in human fetal oral epithelium and the epithelia of the human enamel organ. Both methods demonstrated that human enamel epithelia contain cytokeratins 5, 14, and 17, which are typical of the basal cells of stratified epithelia, as well as smaller quantities of cytokeratins 7, 8, 19, and in trace amounts 18, which are characteristic components of simple epithelial cells. In the external enamel epithelium and stellate-reticulum cells, most of these components appeared to be simultaneously expressed. In contrast, the parental oral epithelium was negative for cytokeratin 7, thus indicating possible "neoexpression" during the course of tooth formation. Immunohistochemical procedures using various monoclonal antibodies against vimentin revealed the transient coexpression of vimentin and cytokeratins in the external enamel epithelium and in stellate-reticulum cells during enamel development. The significance of the coexpression of cytokeratins and vimentin is discussed in relation to previous findings obtained in other normal tissues and in the light of the functional processes characteristic of these epithelia.

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.