Karavanova,I., Vainio,S., and, Thesleff,I.
Transient and recurrent expression of the Egr-1 gene in epithelial and mesenchymal cells during tooth morphogenesis suggests involvement in tissue interactions and in determination of cell fate.
Mechanisms of Development 39(1-2):41-50 (1992).
We have analyzed the expression of early growth response gene (Egr-1) by mRNA in situ hybridization during mouse embryonic tooth development and in experimental recombinations of dental epithelium and mesenchyme. Egr-1 was transiently and recurrently expressed both in epithelial and mesenchymal cells starting from day 13 of gestation and up to 4 days after birth. The expression correlated with developmental transition points of dental mesenchymal and epithelial cells suggesting a role for Egr-1 in sequential determination and differentiation of cells. In recombination cultures of early dental epithelium and mesenchyme Egr-1 RNA was localized at the epithelial- mesenchymal interface in mesenchymal cells, and in two cases also in epithelial cells. These data indicate that Egr-1 expression may be regulated by epithelial-mesenchymal interactions when they are specific enough to initiate differentiation. We have also analyzed by in situ hybridization whether Wilms' tumour-1 gene (wt-1) is expressed in the developing tooth as it was proposed on the bases of in vitro studies that it may inhibit Egr-1 expression. No wt-1 expression was detected at any stage of tooth development showing that wt-1 is not obligatory for regulation of Egr-1 expression.

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.