Bronckers,A.L., Goei,S.W., Dumont,E., Lyaruu,D.M., Wöltgens,J.H., van Heerde,W.L., Reutelingsperger,C.P., and, van den Eijnde,S.M.
In situ detection of apoptosis in dental and periodontal tissues of the adult mouse using annexin-V-biotin.
Histochemistry & Cell Biology 113(4):293-301 (2000).
An early event in apoptosis is exposure of phosphatidylserine, an aminophospholipid normally present in the inner leaflet of the plasma membranes, at the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane facing the extracellular space. Annexin V (Anx-V) is a 35-kDa protein with high affinity for phosphatidylserine, which can be applied to detect apoptosis. We injected biotin-labelled Anx-V intravenously in adult mice and examined the tissue distribution of Anx-V-labelled cells in dental and periodontal tissues using ABC- peroxidase histochemistry. In the continuously erupting incisors, strong and frequent immunostaining was observed in transitional stage and late maturation stage ameloblasts with less frequent staining in preameloblasts. Frequency of staining in odontoblasts and pulp cells was low but increased slightly at older stages of dentinogenesis. Labelling was also seen in phagocytic or phagocytic-like cells in the enamel organ and pulp. A positive staining was furthermore found in fibroblasts of the periodontal ligament in continuously erupting incisors and in fully erupted molar teeth. Staining intensity and the number of positive cells were enhanced by antigen retrieval using high-pressure cooking. We conclude that Anx-V-biotin labels dental cells in early stages of cell death and indirectly cells that have ingested labelled apoptotic cells during the course of the experiment. The data confirm that during amelogenesis most cell death occurs in transitional stage and late maturation stage ameloblasts. Thus, labelling with Anx-V is a useful marker for studying cell death and the dynamics of clearance of apoptotic cells during tooth development.

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.