Kondo,S., Tamura,Y., Bawden,J.W., and, Tanase,S.
The immunohistochemical localization of Bax and Bcl-2 and their relation to apoptosis during amelogenesis in developing rat molars.
Archives of Oral Biology 46(6):557-568 (2001).
Bax and Bcl-2 are members of a family of intracellular, membrane-associated proteins that regulate programmed cell death. It has been suggested that, when Bax predominates, programmed cell death is accelerated and the apoptosis inhibitory activity of Bcl-2 is suppressed. The present study was undertaken to immunohistochemically (IHC) localize Bax and Bcl-2 in the cells of the enamel organ during amelogenesis in rat molars. Also, apoptotic cells were detected by TUNEL staining. The IHC intense localization of Bcl-2 and light staining for Bax in the pre-ameloblasts suggest that apoptosis is inhibited in the proliferating pre-ameloblasts. This is consistent with an absence of TUNEL staining for apoptosis in these cells. However, in the late secretory and transition ameloblasts, and adjacent stratum intermedium, evidence of apoptosis of the ameloblasts was observed. Bax and Bcl-2 were co-localized in the proximal ends of late secretory, transition and early maturation-stage ameloblasts, but immunoreactivity for Bax markedly increased in the proximal ends of late secretory and transition ameloblasts, while the Bcl-2 staining appeared to be lighter. This suggests that Bax antagonized Bcl-2 function, limiting the ability of Bcl-2 to prolong cell survival. In the early maturation stage, Bax staining faded while the immunoreactivity for Bcl-2 increased. Evidence of distinct apoptosis was reduced in the early maturation stage ameloblasts. When related to the occurrence of apoptosis during amelogenesis, the relative intensity of expression of Bax and Bcl-2 changed in a pattern consistent with that observed in other cell lines. This indicates that these proteins play essential roles in the process of amelogenesis, as predicted by their proposed mechanisms of action in the control of apoptosis. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. [References: 61].

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.