Snead,M.L., Luo,W., Oliver,P., Nakamura,M., Don-Wheeler,G., Bessem,C., Bell,G.I., Rall,L.B., and, Slavkin,H.C.
Localization of epidermal growth factor precursor in tooth and lung during embryonic mouse development.
Developmental Biology 134(2):420-429 (1989).
The murine epidermal growth factor (EGF) precursor is a 1217 amino acid protein which contains mature EGF (amino acid residues 977-1029) as well as eight EGF-like repeats. Although the highest levels of EGF are found in the adult male mouse submandibular gland, the results of in situ hybridization studies and mRNA analyses suggest that EGF precursor mRNA is synthesized in several adult mouse tissues including the lung and the incisor. To determine if EGF precursor gene expression is intrinsic to the developmental program for either embryonic tooth or lung organogenesis, sense and antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide probes corresponding to amino acids 1070-1081 of the precursor were used to localize cellular sites of synthesis of EGF precursor mRNA by in situ hybridization. Antibodies directed against amino acid residues 348-691 of the precursor were used in immunodetection techniques to identify either EGF precursor protein or processed derivatives. In contrast to earlier reports indicating that embryonic mouse tissues do not synthesize EGF precursor mRNA, we found that EGF precursor mRNA is present in clusters of ectoderm-, mesoderm-, and ectomesenchyme-derived cells associated with embryonic teeth and lung organs. Moreover, epitopes common to the EGF precursor were immunolocalized in both the epithelial and mesenchymal tissues of embryonic mouse tooth and lung organs. These results suggest that the EGF precursor and/or motifs contained within the precursor molecule, including mature EGF, may play an instructive or permissive role in epithelial-mesenchymal interactions pursuant to organogenesis.

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.