Bronckers,A.L., D'Souza,R.N., Butler,W.T., Lyaruu,D.M., van Dijk,S., Gay,S., and, Wöltgens,J.H.
Dentin sialoprotein: biosynthesis and developmental appearance in rat tooth germs in comparison with amelogenins, osteocalcin and collagen type-I.
Cell & Tissue Research 272(2):237-247 (1993).
A non-collagenous protein, extracted from rat incisor dentin, is a dentin sialoprotein (DSP). We examined immunohistochemically the developmental appearance and tissue distribution of DSP in 1 to 3-day-old rat molar and incisor tooth germs. The earliest staining for DSP was observed in newly differentiated odontoblasts. In more advanced stages, immunostaining for DSP gradually increased in pre-dentin, odontoblasts and dentin, and appeared in many cells of the dental papilla. In early stages of development before the breakdown of the dental basement membrane, pre-ameloblasts were also positive for DSP. This staining disappeared from the ameloblast cell body soon after deposition of the first layer of mineralized dentin. Radiolabelling of tooth matrix proteins with 14C-serine in vitro followed by immunoprecipitation and fluorography confirmed that DSP was synthesized by tooth-forming cells. The immunolocalization for DSP was different from that of either collagen type-I, osteocalcin or the amelogenins. Whereas collagen type-I and osteocalcin were restricted to the mesenchymal dental tissues, the amelogenins were detectable in both epithelial and mesenchymal dental cells and tissues at the epithelio-mesenchymal interface at early stages of development, prior to the onset of dentin mineralization. We conclude that DSP is expressed in and secreted by odontoblasts and some dental papilla cells from early stages of dentinogenesis onwards, i.e. later than type-I collagen, but before deposition of the first layer of mineralized dentin. In pre-mineralizing stages, some of the matrix proteins may be endocytosed from the pre- dentin by both cell types involved in the epithelio-mesenchymal interaction.
Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.