Vškevš,L., Mackie,E., Kantomaa,T., and, Thesleff,I.
Comparison of the distribution patterns of tenascin and alkaline phosphatase in developing teeth, cartilage, and bone of rats and mice.
Anatomical Record 228(1):69-76 (1990).
Tenascin is a glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix, which has been associated with differentiation of hard tissue forming cells. Alkaline phosphatase (AP) is involved in calcification, and it has also been suggested to function in cell differentiation. We have compared the distributions of tenascin and AP in the developing skull and teeth of embryonic and growing rats and mice. Tenascin was localized by immuno-Peroxidase and AP by enzyme histochemical staining of tissue sections. Both tenascin and AP were largely restricted to bone, cartilage, and teeth. In cartilage, tenascin was expressed in the perichondrium, whereas AP activity was detected only in the hypertrophic cartilage. In growing intramembranous bone, tenascin and AP were expressed in the periosteum and endosteum. AP activity was restricted to the inner layer of the periosteum, whereas tenascin expression extended to the more superficial layers. In bud-staged teeth tenascin but no AP activity was localized in the condensing mesenchymal cells around the epithelial bud. At the bell stage both tenascin and AP activity were localized in the cuspal mesenchyme, and the intensity of staining decreased towards the cervical region. In summary, tenascin was present at all sites of AP activity except in the epithelial cells of the enamel organ and the hypertrophic cartilage of the mandibular condyle. In mesenchymal tissues tenascin was more widely distributed than AP. It can be suggested that tenascin has functions at earlier stages of hard tissue formation than AP.
Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.