Nanci,A., Bendayan,M., and, Slavkin,H.C.
Enamel protein biosynthesis and secretion in mouse incisor secretory ameloblasts as revealed by high-resolution immunocytochemistry.
Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry 33(11):1153-1160 (1985).
Mouse secretory ameloblasts express a number of enamel proteins, which have been divided into amelogenin and enamelin subfamilies. We have used polyclonal antibodies to murine amelogenins to reveal enamel proteins in mouse ameloblasts using the protein A- gold immunocytochemical technique. Specific immunolabeling was detected over the extracellular enamel matrix and over the rough endoplasmic reticulum, the saccules of the Golgi apparatus, and the secretory granules of the ameloblasts. In addition, some lysosome-like granules were also labeled. Only background labeling was obtained over mitochondria, nuclei, cytosol, adjacent odontoblasts, and dentin. Quantitation of the intensity of labeling showed the presence of an increasing gradient along the secretory pathway, which may correspond to the concentration or the maturation of these proteins as they are processed by the cell. These findings indicate that the ameloblast displays an intracellular distribution of its secretory products similar to that of other merocrine secreting cells. The presence of enamel proteins in lysosomes suggests that crinophagy and/or resorption occurs in these cells.

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.