Termine,J.D., Belcourt,A.B., Christner,P.J., Conn,K.M., and, Nylen,M.U.
Properties of dissociatively extracted fetal tooth matrix proteins. I. Principal molecular species in developing bovine enamel.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 255(20):9760-9768 (1980).
A sequential dissociative extraction scheme is described in which tooth matrix proteins are extracted first in 4 M guanidine HCl, pH 7.4, and then in 4 M guanidine HCl, 0.5 M EDTA, pH 7.4, both with protease inhibitors present. The latter step dissolves the mineralized portion of the tissue and extracts noncollagenous proteins closely associated with hydroxyapatite crystallites in the mineralized matrix. In fetal bovine enamel, the initial dissociative extraction step completely removes proline-rich amelogenins from the tissue without dissolving the enamel apatite. The amelogenin proteins consist of several species on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with sodium dodecyl sulfate, but display anomalous migration behavior relative to conventional marker proteins in this technique. Subsequent extraction of fetal bovine enamel with guanidine HCl/EDTA removes matrix enamelins, acidic glycoproteins that are tightly bound to the enamel hydroxyapatite. This latter fetal protein type has not been isolated previously. The enamelins are adsorbed strongly by DEAE- cellulose in 7 M urea and totally adsorb to synthetic apatite, even in 4 M guanidine HCl. The enamelins display normal behavior on polyacrylamide gels and stain positively for sialic acid/phosphate and carbohydrate. With advancing tooth maturation, amelogenins disappear while enamelins are conserved. Gel filtration chromatography in 4 M guanidine HCl showed amelogenin components at apparent molecular weights of approximately 25,000, 15,000, 9,500, 7,500, and 6,000, while the enamelins eluted at Mr positions of approximately 72,000, 56,000, 42,000, 30,000, 21,000, 13,000, and 8,000. The gel filtration data showed a clear shift in molecular size population from higher to lower components for both amelogenins and enamelins with progressive enamel maturation.

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.