Butler,W.T., Bhown,M., DiMuzio,M.T., Cothran,W.C., and, Linde,A.
Multiple forms of rat dentin phosphoproteins.
Archives of Biochemistry & Biophysics 225(1):178-186 (1983).
Previous studies have shown that the phosphoprotein from rat dentin is heterogenous and can be partially separated into two fractions by ion-exchange chromatography. These proteins were further characterized by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, gel chromatography, and amino acid and phosphate analysis, after chromatographic separations on ion-exchange columns. On 5-15% gradient gels, the phosphoproteins extracted from rat dentin and precipitated by CaCl2 gave three Alcian blue-staining bands with apparent molecular weights in the 90-95,000 range. The two slower- moving bands corresponded to highly phosphorylated proteins (HP) that had phosphoserine contents of greater than 400 residues per thousand and contained little or no valine, leucine, phenylalanine, or arginine. The faster-moving band corresponded to a moderately phosphorylated protein that contained about 250 residues per thousand of phosphoserine and greater quantities of glutamic acid, proline, and several other amino acids than HP. The nature of the phosphoproteins in HP was further studied after total removal of the phosphate with an insoluble form of bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase. The dephosphorylated product (dP- HP) gave a single major band on gel electrophoresis but showed evidence for two closely related NH2-terminal sequences, Asp-Asp- Asp-Asn and Asp-Asp-Pro-Asn. The dephosphorylated material was separated into two components (dP-HP1 and dP-HP2) by chromatography on QAE-Sephadex A-25. The amino acid compositions of the two components showed that they differed in their primary structures. This conclusion was verified by the finding of the proline-containing sequence in dP-HP2. In addition to these two groups of phosphoproteins, a third class, LP, contains low levels of phosphoserine and high amounts of glutamic acid (W.T. Butler, M. Bhown, M.T. DiMuzio, and A. Linde, (1981) Coll. Res. 1, 187- 199).

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