Odent,S., Le Marec,B., Munnich,A., Le Merrer,M., and, Bonaiti-Pellie,C.
Segregation analysis in nonsyndromic holoprosencephaly.
American Journal of Medical Genetics 77(2):139-143 (1998).
Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a developmental defect due to a failure of cleavage of the forebrain. The brain malformations are usually associated with facial anomalies. From a series of 258 HPE records involving at least one affected child, 97 cases in 79 families with nonsyndromic and nonchromosomal HPE were selected. The male:female ratio was 0.87. A high degree of familial aggregation was observed in 23/79 families (29%). A segregation analysis performed in the 79 nuclear families led to the conclusion that the transmission of nonsyndromic HPE is compatible with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Under this hypothesis, the penetrance was estimated as 82% for major types (alobar, semilobar, lobar) and 88% when major and minor types (atypical) were included. The proportion of sporadic cases was estimated to be 68%.This genetic model allows a prediction of the recurrence risk after an isolated case of 13% for major types and 14% when minor types are included.

Last edited 10.12.2004 by P.N.